We often hear about the "energy identity" when buying a property in Turkey. Let's find out what this term means in the real estate field in this article.
Energy Identity (ENERJI KIMLIK BELGESI):
It is an official document issued by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources in Turkey or one of its relevant departments. This document is concerned with evaluating the efficiency of the building in terms of energy consumption and ensuring the protection of the environment from gas emissions.
Energy Identity (EKB) works to show:
- Energy consumption rating of the building.
- Classification of the rate of greenhouse gas emissions from the building.
- Evaluation of the thermal insulation properties in the building.
- Efficient heating and cooling systems.
The validity of this identity is valid for 10 years from the date of its first issuance, and gives its owners the authority to sell and rent throughout this period based on the first license obtained; The issuance of the document must be renewed after its expiry date.
It also requires the presence of two copies of the energy identity document for the building, the first copy is hung at the entrance to the building, and the second copy is kept at the building management or owner.
This document is also required in any transaction of buying or renting a property in Turkey as of the start of the implementation of the decision.
Where can it be used?
Turkish law requires the issuance of energy identity as of 1/1/2020 for the following buildings:
- Residential buildings
- Commercial buildings for offices and companies
- Public buildings such as schools, hospitals, municipalities, and others.
- Factories and workshops.
- Buildings that need to be used for more than two years.
- Buildings with an area of more than 50 square metres.
Buildings in Turkey are divided into two types:
1- Modern buildings: the buildings and complexes that were built after the year 2011.
2- Old buildings: the buildings and complexes that were built before the year 2011
In 2011, the decision to issue an energy identity was issued in Turkey for the first time, as this decision divided the buildings in Turkey into existing buildings, which are the buildings built before the decision was issued, and modern buildings, which were built after the decision was issued in that year. The decision was considered binding for modern buildings and non-binding for existing buildings while encouraging owners of existing buildings to issue an EKB for their buildings.
In 2017, a government decision was issued to give the owners of existing buildings a deadline to issue an energy identity within a maximum period of the end of 2019, and to continue the obligation to issue an energy identity for modern buildings and to prevent the rental, sale and purchase of modern Turkey real estate before obtaining an energy identity.
A few days before the end of 2019, the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources in Turkey issued a decision alerting that it would begin to stop licensing sales, purchase and leasing transactions for any property within existing or modern buildings in Turkey before obtaining an energy identity.
The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources in Turkey has classified 7 levels for classifying homes and buildings with energy efficiency, and these classifications were recorded in Turkey’s Energy Identity Document: (A, B, C, D, E, F, G).
These evaluations are given to certain parts of the building, and the evaluation may differ from one part to another according to its efficiency, for example:
Buildings with rating A are considered the most efficient, while those with rating G are the least efficient in terms of energy consumption and meet the requirements for granting an energy identity document.
Buildings with a classification C are considered habitable, which is the lowest classification by which an energy identity can be granted to residential buildings. These classifications are given based on several criteria that are considered when applying for an energy identity for a building, such as:
- Looking at ways to save energy in construction.
- Thermal insulation of the building.
- Thermal insulation of windows and doors.
- Efficiency of equipment for cooling and heating.
- Energy efficient and energy efficient light bulbs.
- Quality of the exterior and interior architecture.
- Quality of electricity and gas installations.
- Ventilation outlets and natural lighting.
Who evaluates the property for energy identity?
The evaluation is carried out by a number of engineers and experts from the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, and they undergo training in order to make tours of modern buildings.
The most important documents required for an energy identity:
1- Real estate ownership document (Title deed): There are several types of Title deeds before construction begins, and they are used in the documents required for obtaining energy identity, but the basic building permit is not granted until the building receives a rating of C level and above.
2- A report on the architectural project of the building: This report talks about the construction site/the number of floors/spaces/the external structure of the building/interior sections and balconies.
3- Thermal insulation report: concerned with everything related to thermal insulation of external and internal walls, ceilings, floors, doors and windows.
4- A report on electrical installations: deals with the discussion of lighting lamps.
5- Reports on cooling systems, solar energy, ventilation, etc.
The cost of obtaining an EKB card starts from 300 TL and increases according to the following criteria:
• Total building area.
• The number of buildings within the complex.
• Architectural similarities between the buildings within the complex.
• The number of apartments per building.
• The purpose of the building was residential or commercial.
The average cost of one building in Istanbul ranges from 1000 to 2500 Turkish liras, taking into account the aforementioned criteria, and the committee that will review the construction remains the party responsible for determining the final value of the cost of issuing the energy identity.
The positive advantages of housing in Turkey are increasing day by day, especially with regard to the conditions of safe buildings and conformity to the conditions of ideal housing, and the identity of energy is one of the aspects sponsored by the Turkish government to maintain the importance and success of its real estate, since the real estate sector in Turkey is a productive sector and an important economic resource for this country.
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